Eventos religiosos como turismo de interés especial. Una experiencia española

Autores/as

  • Angeles Rubio Gil
  • Javier de Esteban Curiel

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25145/j.pasos.2008.06.032

Palabras clave:

turismo religioso, eventos especiales, comunidad, desarrollo local, capital social, autenticidad

Resumen

This paper contributes to the development of the theoretical understanding in the field of religious tourism management by considering the Pilgrimage of the Dew as an alternative paradigm of analysis, which has been constituted in a destination able to host a very large number of travellers (pil- grims), in a very short period of time (3 days), without damaging the environment, ecologic and social, due to the own anthropologic characteristics of this form of travelling that gives priority to the human experience more than the market consumption.  Thus, the model researched in this paper through the concept of “social capital” is opportune due to the confluence in the analysis of different social sciences (anthropology, economy and sociology) and from the theory and technique of tourism, concluding that the maintenance of the authenticity and sustainability of this form of religious tourism should be planned not on the basis of a real state model as currently, but on the unseasonality and a much better and regu- lated quality of the services provided.

Biografía del autor/a

Angeles Rubio Gil

Dr. Angeles Rubio Gil is Full Time Professor in Marketing Department of Rey Juan Carlos University. She has tourism research interests in the areas of tourism, sociology, anthropology and marketing

Javier de Esteban Curiel

Dr. Javier de Esteban Curiel is Full Time Professor in Marketing Department of Rey Juan Carlos University.  He has research interest in the areas of sociology, cultural tourism and marketing. Currently, his research is focused in the semiotic impacts of cultural tourism and its link with the urban environment.

Citas

Boniface, B. and Cooper, C. 2001 Worldwide Destinations: The Geography of Travel and Tourism (3rd ed). Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Chaspoul, C., et al 1993 Tourisme Religieux. Éditions Touristiques Européennes. París. Cohen, E. 1984 ‘The sociology of tourism: approaches, issues and findings’. Annual Review of Sociology, 10: 373-392

Chaspoul, C., et al 1988 ‘Traditions in the qualitative sociology of tourism’. Annals of Tourism Re- search, 13: 29-46.

Derrett, R. 1996 ‘The tourism culture of cultural tourism: planning through community con- sultation’. In Robinson, m et al (ed) Tourism and Culture: Tourism and Change, pp. 61-73, Great Britain, The Centre for Travel and Tourism in asso- ciation With Business Education Pub- lisher Ltd.

Herreros, F. 2002 ‘¿Son las relaciones sociales una fuen- te de recursos? Una definición de capital social". Papers, 67: 129-148. Available at: http://www.bib.uab.es/pub/papers/02102862n67p129.pdf

Goeldner, C., Ritchie, B., Mcintosh, W. 2000 Tourism Principles, Practices. Wiley&Sons, New York.

González, J.C. and Murphy, M.D. 1999 ‘El Rocío: la evolución de una aldea sagrada’. Aestuaria 6: 89-132

Güemes, J.J. 2001 ‘La política turística española’. In AECIT (ed.) La Actividad Turística Es- pañola en el 2000. Madrid: AECIT.

Hassan, S.S. 2000 ‘Determinants of market competitive- ness in a environmentally sustainable tourism industry’. Journal of Travel Research, 38 (3): 293-300.

Hohl, A.E. & Tisdell, Cl.A. 1995 ‘Peripheral tourism development and management’. Annals of Tourism Re- search, 22 (3): 517-534.

Instituto de Estudios Turísticos 2001 ‘Estudios de los mercados turísticos emisores. El turismo cultural’. Serie Estudios de Productos Turísticos, Instituto de Estudios Turísticos, Madrid.

Jafari, J. 1984 ‘Unbounded ethnicity: the tourist network and its satellites’. Revue de Tourisme, 9: 4-21.

Jafari, J. 1989 ‘Modelos de Turismo: los aspectos socioculturales’. Antropologies, 2: 31-38.

Jordana, J. 2000 ‘Instituciones y capital social: ¿qué explica qué?". Revista Española de Cien- cia Política, 2.

Lea, J. 1988 Tourism and development in the third world, Routlege, N.Y.

Marchena Gómez, M.J. 1998 Turismo Urbano y Patrimonio Cultural: Una Perspectiva Europea. Sevilla. Patronato Provincial de Turismo.

Martínez Roger, F. 2003 Turismo Rural: Características de la Actividad e Impacto Económico en Gali- cia. (Tesis doctoral, PhD), Santiago de Compostela.

Middleton, V. 1997 ‘Sustainable tourism: a marketing perspective’. In Stabler, M.J. (ed) Tour- ism and Sustainability, pp.129-142, UK, CAB International

Pardellas, X. and Padín, C. 2004 ‘Una propuesta de turismo sostenible para el municipio de Caldas de Reis (Pontevedra)’. Cuadernos de Turismo, 13: 107-125, Universidad de Murcia.

Putnam, R. 1993 Making Democracy Work. Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Richards, G. 1993 ‘Cultural tourism in Europe’. In Coop- er, C.P. & Lockwood, A., (ed) Progress in Tourism, Recreation and Hospitality Management, pp.99-115, Great Britain, John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Robles Salgado, J. 2001 ‘Turismo religioso. Alternativa de apoyo a la preservación del patrimonio y Desarrollo’. Revista Bibliográfica de Geografía y Ciencias Sociales, Universi- dad de Barcelona, Nº 316, 8 octubre de 2001.

Sanabria Pérez, J. 2002 ‘La administración turística del Estado y las política de sostenibilidad’. In Experiencias Públicas y Privadas en el Desarrollo de un Modelo de Turismo Sostenible, Luis Valdés y J. Manuel Pérez (Directores.), Oviedo, Fundación Universidad de Oviedo, p. 283-287.

Serra Cabado, J. and Pujol Marco, L. 2001 ‘Los espacios temáticos patrimonia- les: una metodología para el diseño de productos turísticos culturales’. Estudios Turísticos, 150: 57-81. Madrid: Instituto de Estudios Turísticos.

Swarbrooke J. 1998 Sustainable Tourism Management, CBA International Publishing, Oxford, UK.

Turner, V. 1973 ‘The center out there: pilgrim’s goal’. History of Religions, 12: 191-230.

WTO- OMT 1985 Carta del Turismo y Código del Turista de la OMT, Sofia. 1993 Recommendations and Tourism Statistics. Madrid: WTO.

Zeppel, H. and Hall, C.M. 1992 “Arts and heritage tourism”. In Weiler, B. And Hall, C.M. (eds) Special Interest Tourism, London: Belhaven Press, pp. 47-45.

Publicado

2008-10-21

Cómo citar

Rubio Gil, A., & Curiel, J. de E. (2008). Eventos religiosos como turismo de interés especial. Una experiencia española. PASOS Revista De Turismo Y Patrimonio Cultural, 6(3), 419-433. https://doi.org/10.25145/j.pasos.2008.06.032