La importancia del emprendimiento del estilo de vida: Un estudio conceptual de la industria del turismo

Autores/as

  • Mike Peters
  • Joerg Frehse
  • Dimitrios Buhalis

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25145/j.pasos.2009.07.028

Palabras clave:

estilo de vida, empresa, turismo, motivos para emprender

Resumen

El objetivo del trabajo es explorar y analizar el surgimiento de la iniciativa empresarial como estilo de vida. El artículo aborda la relación entre la calidad de vida del empresario y el crecimiento empresarial. El propósito es conceptualizar esta relación para aprender más sobre el espíritu empresarial como estilo de vida. El turismo aporta una serie de casos para ilustrar la investigación pertinente en el ámbito de la iniciativa empresarial como estilo de vida y un marco conceptual para examinar la relación entre las actividades empresariales y la calidad de vida percibida. El documento ofrece una revisión de la literatura sobre el espíritu empresarial y ciertas formas de iniciativa y conceptualiza el crecimiento de la iniciativa empresarial como estilo de vida.

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Biografía del autor/a

Mike Peters

Associate Professor. Department of Strategic Management, Marketing and Tourism. University of Innsbruck. Un- iversitätsstrasse 15. A-6020 Innsbruck. Web: http://www.uibk.ac.at/smt/

Joerg Frehse

 Department of Strategic Management, Marketing and Tourism, University of Innsbruck. Universitätsstrasse 15. A-6020 Innsbruck. Web: http://www.frehsehotels.com.

Dimitrios Buhalis

International Centre for Tourism & Hospitality Research. Bournemouth University, Talbot Campus, Fern Barrow, Poole, Dorset, BH12 5BB, UK.  Web: http://www.bournemouth.ac.uk/services-management/.

Citas

Aldrich, H. E. 1990 “Using, an ecological perspective to study organizational founding Rates”. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 14(3): 7–24.

Alvarez, S. and Busenitz, L. 2001 “The entrepreneurship of resource- based theory”. Journal of Management, 27(6): 755-775.

Ateljevic, I. and Doorne, S. 2000 “Staying with the Fence: Lifestyle Entrepreneurship in Tourism”. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 8(5) 378-392.

Barth, F. 2000 “Economic Spheres in Darfur”, in Swedberg R. (Ed.), Entrepreneurship: A social science view, (pp. 139-160). New York: Oxford University Press.

Bastakis, C. and Buhalis, D. and Butler, R. 2004 “The Impact of Tour Operator’s power on small and medium sized tourism accommodation enterprises on the Mediterranean Islands”. Tourism Management, 25(2):151-170.

Buhalis, D. and Main, H. 1998 International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, Special Theme Issue: Small hotels: The peripheral tourist sector, 10(5): 198-202.

Buhalis, D. 2000 “Marketing the competitive destination of the future”. Tourism Management 21(1): 97-116.

Burns, P. 2001 Entrepreneurship and Small Business. Tavisstock and Rochdale: Palgrave, Macmillan.

Cantillion, R. 1964 Essai Sur la Nature du Commerce en General. New York: August M. Kelly. Carland, J.W. and Hoy, F. and Boulton, W.R. and Carland, J. A. C. 1984 “Who is an entrepreneur? Is a question worth asking”. American Journal of Small Business, 84 Spring: 33-39.

Casson, M. 1982 The entrepreneur: an economic theory. Oxford: University Press.

Casson, M. 2005 “Entrepreneurship and the theory of the firm”. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 58(2): 327–348.

Cyert, R.M. and March, J.G. 1963 A behavioural theory of the firm. New Jersey: Englewood Cliffs.

Dollinger, M. J. 2003 Entrepreneurship: Strategies and Resources. Upper Saddle River: Prentice

Hall. Flamholtz, E. G. 1990 Growing Pains. Oxford: Jossey-Bassimc.

Frank, H. and Mugler, J. and Wanzenböck, H. 1995, “Entwicklungspfade geförderter Un- ternehmensgründungen - Beendigungsquoten und Wachstumsdynamik“. Journal für Betriebswirtschaft, 45(1): 5-20.

Fuchs, M. and Peters, M. and Weiermair, K. 2002 “Entrepreneurial Culture-does education matter? A Tourism Case Study”, in Vukonic, B. and Cavlek, N. (Eds.), Rethinking of Education and Training for Tourism (pp. 381-398). Graduate School of Economics and Business, Zagreb: University of Zagreb.

Gartner, W. B. 1985 “A conceptual framework for describing the phenomenon of new venturecreation”. Academy of Management Review, 10(4): 696-706.

Gerschenkron, A. 2000 “The Modernization of Entrepreneurship”, in Swedberg, R. (Ed.), Entrepreneurship: A social science view (pp. 129-138). New York: Oxford University Press.

Getz, D. and Carlson, J. (2000) “Characteristics and goals of family and owner-operated businesses in rural tourism and hospitality sectors”. Tourism Management, 2(1): 547-560.

Getz, D. 2004 The family business in tourism and hospitalit. Wallingford: CABI Publishing.

Getz, D. and Petersen, T. 2004 “Growth and profit-oriented entrepreneurship among family business owners in the tourism and hospitality industry”. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 24(2): 219-242.

Gray, C. 2002 “Entrepreneurship, resistance to change and growth in small firms”. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 9(1): 61-72.

Greenfield, S. M. and Strickton, A. 1986 Entrepreneurship and Social Change. Lanham: University Press of America. Greiner, L. E. 1972 “Evolution and Revolution as Organisations Grow”. Harvard Business Review, 50(4): 37-46.

Hartl, F. 1999 “Die Finanzierung alpiner Destina- tionen”, in Fuchs, M. and Peters, M. and Pikkemaat, B. and Reiger, E. (Eds.), Tourismus in den Alpen, (pp. 42-51). Innsbruck: Studia.

Hegarty, C. and Ruddy, J. 2004 “The Role of the Family in Entrepreneurial Development in Irish Rural Tourism”. In Weber, S. and Tomljenovic, R. (Eds.), Reinventing a tourism destination: facing the challenge, (pp. 147-166). Zagreb: Institute for Tourism.

Herstatt, C. and Lüthje, C. and Leitl, C. 2001 „Wie fortschrittliche Kunden zu In- novationen stimulieren“. Harvard Busi- ness Manager, 24(1): 60-78.

Kirby, D.A. 2002 Entrepreneurship. Maidenhead: McGraw-Hill.

Kirzner, I.M. 1973 Competition and Entrepreneurship. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Knight, F.H. 1921 Risk, uncertainty and profit, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Koh, K. Y. 1996 “The Tourism Entrepreneurial Process: A Conceptualization and Implications for Research and Development”. The Tourist Review, 51(4): 24-41.

Komppula, R. 2004 “Sucess and Growth in Rural Tourism Micro-Businesses in Finland: Financial or Life-Style Objectives?” in Thomas, R. (Ed.), Small Firms in Tourism. International Perspectives (pp. 115-138), Amsterdam et al.: Elsevier

Science. Lazear, E.P. 2005 “Entrepreneurship”. Journal of Labor Economics 23 (4): 649–680. Leibenstein, H. 1966 “Allocative efficiency vs. X- efficiency”. American Economic Review, 56: 392-415.

Leibenstein, H. 1968: “Entrepreneurship and Development”. American Economic Review, 58: 72-83.

Liefmann, R. 1897 Die Unternehmerverbände, ihr Wesen und ihre Bedeutung. Freiburg: unknown.

Low, M. B. and MacMillan, I. C. 1988 “Entrepreneurship: Past Research and Future Challenges”. Journal of Management, 14(2): 39-161.

Marcketti, S. B. and Niehm, L.S. and Fuloria, R. 2006 “An exploratory study of lifestyle entrepreneurship and its relationship to life quality”. Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal, 34(3): 241-259.

Matlay, H. 2003 “Education, training and learning in SMEs: an international perspective”. Education and Training, 45(8/9): 427-429.

McClelland, D. C. 1961 The Achieving Society. Princton: Van Nostrand. Middleton, V. 2001 “The importance of micro-businesses in European tourism”, in: Roberts, L.and Hall, D. (Eds), Rural Tourism and Recreation Principles to Practice (pp. 197–201). Wallingford, Oxon: CABI.

Miner, J. B. 1997 A psychological typology of successful entrepreneurs. Westport Conn. et al.: Quorum Books.

Mises, L. Von 1940 Nationalökonomie-Theorie des Han- delns und Wirtschaftens, Genf Reprint: München 1980.

Morris, M. H. and Lewis, P. S. 1995 “The determinants of entrepreneurial activity. Implications for marketing”. European Journal of Marketing, 29(7): 31-48.

Morrison, A. 2006 “A Contextualisation of Entrepreneurship”. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 12(4): 192-209.

Morrison, A. and Thomas, R. 1999 “The future of small firms in the hospitality industry”. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 11(4): 148-154.

Morrison, A. and Rimmington, M. and Williams, C. 1998 Entrepreneurship in the Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure Industries, Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Morrison, A.J. and Baum. T. and Andrew, R. 2001 “The lifestyle economics of small tourism businesses”. Journal of Travel and Tourism Research, 1(1-2): 16–25.

Mugler, J. 1998 Betriebswirtschaftslehre der Klein- und Mittelbetriebe, Band I. Wien, New York: Springer

Nilsson, P. Å. and Petersen, T and Wanhill, S 2005 “Public support for tourism SMEs in peripheral areas: The Arjeplog project, northern Sweden”. The Service Industries Journal, 25(4): 579 – 599.

Oberparleiter, K. 1930 Funktionen- und Risikenlehre des Warenverkehrs, 1st edition. Berlin (2nd edition: Funktionen und Risiken des Warenhandels, Vienna 1955)

Papandreou, A. 1952 “Some Basic Problems in the Theory of the Firm”, in: Haley, B., A Survey of Contemporary Economics (pp. 183-222). Illinois: American Economic Association.

Paraskevas, A. and Buhalis, D. 2002 “Information Communication Technologies decision-making: The ASP Outsourcing Model from the Small Hotel Owner/Manager Perspective”. The Cornell Hotel Restaurant Administration Quarterly, 43(2): 27-39.

Peters, M. and Frehse, J. 2004 “The Importance of Lifestyle Entrepreneurship in the Tourism and Leisure Industry: Lessons from the Past and Implications for The Future”. 2nd International Conference ‘Leisure Futures 2004, 10.-11. November, Bolzano, Italy.

Peters, M. and Weiermair, K. 2001 “The Schumpeterian Entrepreneur and the Entrepreneurial Culture: Half a Century Later”. In Orati, V. and Dahiya, S. B. (Eds.), Economic Theory in the Light of Schumpeter (pp.301-314). Spellbound, Rotak.

Peters, M. 2004 “Business Planning Behaviour in Tourism Family Enterprises”. The Poznan University of Economics Review, 4(1): 74-86.

Sawyer, J. E 1952 “Entrepreneurial Error and Economic Growth”. Explorations in Entrepreneurial History, 4(1): 199-204.

Schneider, D. 2001 “Der Unternehmer-eine Leerstelle in der Theorie der Unternehmung?” Zeitschrift für Betriebswirtschaft, 2001(1). (Special edition): 1-8.

Schmitz, J.A. 1989 “Imitation, Entrepreneurship, and Long-Run Growth”. The Journal of Political Economy, 97(3): 721-739.

Schumpeter, J. A. (1934) The Theory of Economic Development. New York: Oxford Univ. Press.

Shaver, K. G. and Gartner, W. B. and Crosby, E. and Bakalarova, K. and Gatewood, E. J. 2001 “Attributions About Entrepreneurship: A Framework and Process for Analyzing Reasons for Starting a Business”, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 26(2): 5-32.

Shaw, G. and Williams, A. M. 1990 “Tourism economic development and the role of entrepreneurial activity”. In Cooper, C. P. (Ed.), Progress in Tourism, Recreation and Hospitality Management (pp.67-81). Vol. 2,. Bellhaven, London.

Shaw, G. and Williams, A. M. 1998 “Entrepreneurship, small business culture and tourism development”. In Ioannides, D. and Debbage, K. G. (Eds.), The Economic Geography of the Tourist Industry (pp. 235-255). London: Routledge.

Shaw, G. and Williams, A. M. 2003 “Entrepreneurial cultures and small business enterprises in tourism”, in Hall, M. and Lew, A. and Williams, A. (Eds.), Blackwells companion to tourism geography, (pp. unknown). Oxford: Blackwell.

Shaw, G. and Williams, A. M. 2004 “From Lifestyle Consumption to Lifestyle Production: Changing Patterns of Tourism Entrepreneurship”, in Thomas, R. (Ed.), Small Firms in Tourism: International Perspectives, (pp.99-113). Amsterdam:.Elsevier.

Singh, J., and Lumsden, C. 1990 “Theory and research in organizational ecology”. Annual Review of Sociology, 16: 161–195.

Swedberg, R. 2000 Entrepreneurship: The social science view. New York: Oxford University Press.

Szivas, E. 2001 “Entrance into tourism entrepreneurship: A UK case study”, Tourism and Hospitality Research, 3(2): 163-172.

Thomas, R. (Ed.) 2004 Small Firms in Tourism. Amsterdam: Elsevier

Thomas, R. 1998 The Management of Small Tourism and Hospitality Firms. London: Cassell.

Thomas, R. 2000 “Small firms in the tourism industry: some conceptual issues”. International Journal of Tourism Research, 2(5): 345 –353.

Timmons, J. A. 1994 New Venture Creation: Entrepreneurship for the 21st Century. Boston: Irwin McGraw-Hill.

Tschurtschenthaler, P. 1996) “Die wirtschaftliche Bedeutung des Tourismus”, in Weiermair, K. and Pe- ters, M. and Schipflinger, M. (Eds.), Al- pine Tourism: Sustainability- Reconsi- dered and Redesigned, (pp.54-79). Innsbruck: Studia.

Weber, M. 1935 The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. New York: Scribner.

Weiermair, K. and Peters, M. 1998a“Entrepreneurial Small- and Medium Sized Tourism Enterprises”, in Chon, K. S. (Ed.), Tourism and Hotel Industry in Indo-China and Southeast Asia: Development, Marketing and Sustainability, (pp.235-243). Houston: Hilton College.

Weiermair, K. and Peters, M. 1998b“ The internationalization behaviour of service enterprises”. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 2(2): 1-14.

Weiermair, K. 2001 “The Growth of Tourism Enterprises”. Tourism Review, 56(3/4):17-25.

Williams, A. M. and Shaw, G. and Greenwood, J. 1989 “From tourist to tourism entrepreneur, from consumption to production: Evidence from Cornwall, England”. Environment and Planning, A(21): 1639-1653.

Publicado

2009-09-11

Cómo citar

Peters, M., Frehse, J., & Buhalis, D. (2009). La importancia del emprendimiento del estilo de vida: Un estudio conceptual de la industria del turismo. PASOS Revista De Turismo Y Patrimonio Cultural, 7(3), 393-405. https://doi.org/10.25145/j.pasos.2009.07.028