Turismo, erupciones volcánicas e información: lecciones para la gestión de crisis en Parques Nacionales, Costa Rica, 2006

  • Juan Antonio Aguirre
  • Megan Ahearn
Palabras clave: Parque Nacional Volcán Poás, Costa Rica, Gestión del desastres, Relaciones entre parques y comunidades, Participación de las partes, Información, Parques Nacionales


El Parque Nacional Volcán Poás, ubicado en el valle central de Costa Rica, es el parque más importante y que recibe más visitantes en el país.  Entre el 24 de Marzo y el 10 de Abril del 2006, hubo una serie de erupciones que, la administración del parque prohibiera primero y restringiera después el acceso del  número de visitantes al PNVP por tres semanas.  El  estudio examina el impacto de tales restricciones en las comunidades de  Poasito y Fraijanes, las comunidades ubicadas en la entrada del parque, las cuales dependen económicamente de los gastos de los  turistas que visitan el parque para sobrevivir. El estudio examina además el impacto social, de la falta información durante este tiempo en la opinión de las comunidades y los negocios sobre la gestión del desastre por parte de la administración del parque.  Se encontró que para mejorar los planes para el manejo de esta clase de desastres, el parque y la comunidad deben mejorar la comunicación entre   ambos, y la participación y coordinación de acti- vidades. Para disminuir los riesgos de desastres físicos y económicos, la comunidad tiene que organizar- se para pedir y obtener más información sobre las crisis generada por futuras erupciones y diversificar el tipo de turismo de que depende.  La administración del  Parque Nacional Volcán Poás debería iniciar actividades que ayuden el mejoramiento de la capacidad de participar de las comunidades en las activi- dades que el parque realiza en épocas de crisis, también debería  incluir las necesidades informativas de la comunidad y de los negocios en su plan de gestión de desastres.

Biografía del autor/a

Juan Antonio Aguirre

Juan A Aguirre G.Ph.D. es economista ambiental y de la recreación, The School for Field Studies. Center for Sustainable Development. P.O.Box 150-4013, Atenas, Alajuela. Costa Rica.


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Cómo citar
Aguirre, J., & Ahearn, M. (2007). Turismo, erupciones volcánicas e información: lecciones para la gestión de crisis en Parques Nacionales, Costa Rica, 2006. PASOS Revista De Turismo Y Patrimonio Cultural, 5(2), 175-191. https://doi.org/10.25145/j.pasos.2007.05.014